If you’re a carpenter, you probably consider your router to be one of the most useful and versatile tools at your workshop, right? If so, then you probably understand the importance of keeping it in good shape. Most importantly you’re probably performing regular maintenance on your router bits as well. Being that we use these parts on a daily basis, it’s essential that they are in performing well at any moment. However, maintenance doesn’t only imply that you should clean and lubricate your router parts, but also that you know how to use them properly. If you’re new to wood cutting, there are hundreds of options with using router bits.

Being that you might be only partially familiar with some router bits, and possess extensive knowledge on using other, here’s a list of parts that we’ll review in this guide:

  • Straight Bits
  • Rabbeting Bits
  • Flush Trim Bits
  • Edge forming Bits
  • Special Application Bits

Straight Bits

Straight bits are most commonly used extensions for a router as they allow you to perform straight cuts. These cuts form grooves or dados. They can also be used for creating a shaft for embedding decorative parts in your newly created wooden part. These decorative inlays can be used to increase the value of your furniture, boxes or any other project made out of wood.

Once you learn how to use them, you can create all sorts of parts for different kind of furniture and other projects. It’s extremely easy to attach them to your router as you’ll only need a decent pair of wrenches to install them.

Rabbeting Bits

These router extensions are guided by a pilot bearing and are designed to cut shoulders. They are mostly used to create connecting wooden pieces and parts that don’t require screws or nails to connect to one another. If you prefer to use connecting joints instead of using the conventional methods of joining wooded parts that require nails or screws, you can simply use wood glue and put those pieces together with ease. They include bearings of different diameters.
Knowing which bearing to use for which shaft to create a connecting part is essential for the success of these and similar wooden projects. Try experimenting with a different-size bearing to determine which one suits you best. However, you’ll need to use the same-size bearing for identic connecting parts and joints.
Rabbeting Bits

Flush Trim Bits

Flush trim bits are great for evening the edges of certain materials. For example, if you have two parts that are supposed to act as a support for other parts, it’s advisable that you laminate the edges and make them even. This way you’ll minimize the friction and ensure that the part lasts longer. Try applying a special layer for protection.

This way you’ll increase the lifespan of that part even further. When using these parts, make sure to keep your bearings lubricated and efficient. The state in which your bearing is determines how effective it will be at laminating the edges of hardwood pieces.

Edge Forming Bits

Edge forming parts are designed to perform small but precise cuts and shafts. They are usually used for decorative cuts and can easily lose their effectiveness over time. This is why it’s important that you learn how to handle these parts and maintain their effectiveness. If you aren’t familiar with edge forming bits, here’s a brief info about each one.

Chamfer Bits

Chamfer router bits come in a variety of different sizes and angles. If you’re new to using these particular bits, it’s always advisable that you start with a 45° bit. They prove to be easy to handle and act as a great router bit to learn how they work and what you can achieve with them.

Chamfer Bits

Round-Over Bits

If you haven’t used one of these before, but you work with the hardwood on a daily basis, they will prove to be more than useful. They’re extremely easy to attach to your router. But what are they used for, and why are they so highly praised? Round-over parts are used for making hard edges soft. They are designed in such way that you’ll only need to select the adequate bit and move it toward the edge cutting the angle in the process.

Ogee Bits

Ogee bits are used for, you’ve guessed it, creating an ogee cut on your wood piece. Learning how to use it properly may prove to be difficult at first. But once you’ve found a way to stabilize it while cutting, you’ll use them on a regular basis.

Ogee Bits

Edge-Beading Bits

If your new project requires some delicate and special shaped cuts, you’ll find that this particular bit is essential for it. It’s great for creating rounded cuts on wooden steps, specific furniture parts or any other specially designed parts.

Special-Application Bits

These bits are designed to create special cuts, shafts, and openings. They can come in different sizes, but the most important thing about them is that they are installed in the same way. They all use bearings for guiding so make sure to attach them properly to avoid a malfunction in the future.

Multi-Profile Bits

These special router parts are mostly used for creating different types of decorative cuts than the cuts created by edge forming bits. They can be extremely useful when trying to reach those hard to get spots.

Multi Profile Bits

Raised Panel Bits

With these router extensions, you can make frames and panel doors yourself. This particular router bit is connected with a bearing and secured with a bolt on top. Make sure that the bold is tightly screwed before you start cutting with it. You wouldn’t want it to loosen while you’re using it.


Now that you’ve learned what different router parts are used for and how to use them, you can create virtually anything as long as you use wood as a material. So go ahead, start experimenting and start creating amazing wooden contraptions, furniture, and decorative ornaments.